Shuttle Service occurs when Fixed Route service is limited to a small geographic area or to short-distance trips, local service is often called circulator, feeder, neighborhood, or trolley service.
A trolleybus (trolley coach, trackless trolley) is a rubber-tired electrically powered passenger vehicle operating on city streets drawing power from overhead lines with trolleys.
A trolley replica bus has an exterior (and usually an interior) designed to look like a streetcar from the early 1900s.
Effects of Solution:
þ Increase Passenger Throughput (Transit improves throughput)
¨ Increase Roadway Capacity
¨ Manage System Efficiency
þ Reduce Local Demand (Reduces vehicular demand)
Examples of Implementation:
Hiker Shuttle via an 11-Passenger Van
Chiricahua National Monument
Alan Cox, Superintendent, Chiricahua National Monument
Bryce Canyon National Park
Fred J. Fagergren, Superintendent, Bryce Canyon
Shuttle Bus Service
Rocky Mountain National Park
Joseph R. Evans, Chief Park Ranger, Rocky Mountain National Park
Steve Stamey, AICP, Planning Director, Town of Estes Park
(Cost/financial information, where noted, is based on 2005 dollars. Cost/financial information is estimated, and will vary based on size and scope of project, number of units, etc.)
Costs vary depending upon the size/type of vehicle used, and factors such as the number of passengers to be carried, and rural versus urban settings. These services may also be contracted out to private providers. In general, this type of service can cost from $40-$150 per hour. Additional costs may be incurred for capital equipment (buses, etc.).
American Public Transportation Association – APTA: http://www.apta.com
Community Transportation Association of America – CTAA: http://www.ctaa.org
Federal Transit Administration – FTA: http://www.fta.dot.gov